Measurements provided are of the product when laid flat, not as worn on a body.
WAIST: We measure the waist with the fly buttoned, spread flat on a surface, and given a light stretch tp remove any wrinkles and give a natural waist reading. The waist is then measured straight across the top of the waistband.
FRONT RISE: With the fly buttoned, we measure starting from the crotch seam to the top of the waistband following the fly, giving the front rise a slight pull to remove wrinkles and give a natural measurement.
BACK RISE: Measuring from the same point as the front rise, we measure from the crotch seam to the back waistband, following the rear seam on the seat.
HEM: The hem is measured in the same manner, laying flat on a surface and measurements taken from the external sem to internal seam at the leg opening.